Does the ocean have a high biodiversity?
In its simplest form, biodiversity or biological diversity is therefore ‘Life on Earth’ and includes marine biodiversity ‘Life in the Seas and Oceans. ` The marine environment has a very high biodiversity because 32 out of the 33 described animal phyla are represented in there.
Why do you think that seas are home to the greater biodiversity than oceans?
We know very well that ocean is the most deepest and biggest source of water so oceans are the home to many aquatic animal and plants…. we also know that there are many fishes that live in ocean. … If oceans isn’t there so where will these plants and animals live….that’s why it is the greatest biodiversity…
Why do oceans have high biodiversity?
Scientists estimate that 25 percent of all marine species live on coral reefs, making them one of the most diverse habitats in the world. Ocean life is not evenly distributed. Life in the euphotic zone is very diverse due to availability of sunlight and diversity of producers found in this zone.
Why is biodiversity so important in our oceans?
Healthy marine ecosystems are important for society since they provide services including food security, feed for livestock , raw materials for medicines, building materials from coral rock and sand, and natural defenses against hazards such as coastal erosion and inundation. …
How does global warming affect ocean biodiversity?
Warmer waters cause coral bleaching, which in turn impacts coral reef ecosystems that are home to most of the ocean’s biodiversity — and provide crucial sources of food for people. Warmer waters threaten to cause mass migration of marine species in search of the right conditions for feeding and spawning.
What is the biodiversity of the ocean?
The world’s oceans contain somewhere between 500,000 and 10 million marine species. bacteria, other microbes and viruses. Much of the biodiversity in the ocean, particularly in the deep sea and in the microbial ocean, is unknown, and up to 2,000 new species are described per year.
Why is the oceans population decreasing?
The mechanism behind the plummeting numbers is simple: seafood is being caught at rates that exceed its capacity to replenish. Consequently, the fishers are catching fewer animals over time, despite fishing longer and harder.
What regions of the ocean have the highest biodiversity?
Coral reefs are believed by many to have the highest biodiversity of any ecosystem on the planet—even more than a tropical rainforest. Occupying less than one percent of the ocean floor, coral reefs are home to more than 25% of all marine life.