Why is Sikkim rich in biodiversity?
Most of the high altitude medicinal plants are rare and endangered species. Sikkim also has 28 Mountains/Peaks, more than 80 Glaciers, 227 high altitude lakes/wetlands and over 104 rivers and streams. Nature has been particularly generous in her gift of sylvan treasures to the state of Sikkim.
Which is the biodiversity hot spots?
A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region that is both a significant reservoir of biodiversity and is threatened with destruction. The term biodiversity hotspot specifically refers to 25 biologically rich areas around the world that have lost at least 70 percent of their original habitat.
What is Sikkim biodiversity?
Although Sikkim comprises only 0.2% of the land area of India, it contains an astounding 26% of the nation’s biodiversity (including 4,500 species of flowering plants, 550 species of birds and more than 600 species of butterflies). … All this in an area of just over 7,000 sq km!
How is biodiversity being affected in Sikkim?
Sikkim is no exception and continues to still show up new or rarely-seen species. … Global warming is causing a shift in the location of species in the Himalayas. Researchers in Sikkim reported sighting the ‘small woodbrown butterfly’ in Khanchendzonga National Park, last seen 120 years ago.
What is being done in Sikkim to preserve biodiversity?
“The SBFP is a project to strengthen the biodiversity conservation activities and the forest management capacity, and to improve livelihood for the local people who are dependent on forests by promoting sustainable biodiversity conservation, afforestation and income generation activities including eco-tourism for the …
What are hot spots explain the spots of India?
A hotspot is an area which faces serious threat from human activities and supports a unique biodiversity (endemic, threatened, rare species) with representatives of evolutionary of speciation and extinction. The concept of biodiversity was given by Norman Myers (1988).
Why are hotspots seen as being so critical to global biodiversity?
Why are hotspots seen as being so critical to global biodiversity? because an exceptional percentage of earth’s plant and animal species live in these locations. because the plants and animal species that live in these places cannot be found nowhere else in the world. Q.
Why are some countries called hotspots?
What are biodiversity hotspots? To qualify as a biodiversity hotspot, a region must meet two strict criteria: It must have at least 1,500 vascular plants as endemics — which is to say, it must have a high percentage of plant life found nowhere else on the planet. A hotspot, in other words, is irreplaceable.