How are regional climate patterns caused by atmospheric and oceanic flows?

How patterns of atmospheric and oceanic circulation determine regional climates?

Patterns of atmospheric and oceanic circulation that determine regional climates vary by latitude, altitude, and geographic land distribution. Atmospheric circulation that, in part, determines regional climates is the result of sunlight-driven latitudinal banding, the Coriolis effect, and resulting prevailing winds.

What causes regional climate patterns?

The different kinds of weather you might experience in these regions are caused by moving patterns in the Earth’s atmospheric and oceanic circulation, unequal heating of the Earth, and the rotation of the Earth on its tilted axis. …

What determines the regional climate?

The climate of a region depends on many factors including the amount of sunlight it receives, its height above sea level, the shape of the land, and how close it is to oceans. Since the equator receives more sunlight than the poles, climate varies depending on its distance from the equator.

How is atmospheric circulation and oceanic circulation different?

Answer: Atmospheric circulation is the large-scale movement of air and together with ocean circulation is the means by which thermal energy is redistributed on the surface of the Earth.

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How does unequal heating of Earth and Earth’s rotation cause Earth’s patterns of atmospheric circulation?

The rotation of the Earth in global convection currents causes certain winds in the different hemispheres to curve to a certain direction (slide 5). This is called the Coriolis Effect and this occurs over the land and the sea (atmospheric and oceanic circulation).

What factors affect atmospheric circulation?

The same factors that create circulation in the atmosphere – uneven heating from the sun and Earth’s rotation – create circulation in the oceans, and the atmosphere and ocean are constantly interacting and influencing each other.

What are four main factors affecting regional climate?

There are lots of factors that influence our climate

  • Elevation or Altitude effect climate. Normally, climatic conditions become colder as altitude increases. …
  • Prevailing global wind patterns. …
  • Topography. …
  • Effects of Geography. …
  • Surface of the Earth. …
  • Climate change over time.

How do environmental factors affect atmospheric circulation?

This pattern, called atmospheric circulation, is caused because the Sun heats the Earth more at the equator than at the poles. It’s also affected by the spin of the Earth. In the tropics, near the equator, warm air rises. … When the air cools, it drops back to the ground, flows back towards the Equator, and warm again.

How do ocean currents affect climate of coastal regions?

Warm and cold ocean currents can affect the climate of coastal regions, but only when local winds blow in from the sea. Warm currents heat the air over the ocean and bring higher temperatures over land. Cold currents can lower air temperatures and can bring colder temperatures over land.

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How does ocean salinity affect climate?

The density of seawater is a function of salinity and temperature, Lagerloef explained. … Precipitation completes the cycle by altering salinity, both through rainfall over the ocean and continental river flows. Stable salt densities in the oceans keep the earth’s climate in balance, scientists believe.