What are the environmental issues in the Mediterranean region?
Wolfgang Cramer: Like many parts of the world, the Mediterranean Basin suffers from a combination of different aspects of environmental change (warming, drying, acidification, pollution, invasive species etc.) and also a growing demand of services provided by its ecosystems.
Why is the Mediterranean climate bad?
As we noted above, Mediterranean-climate urban populations are particularly vulnerable to climate change due to a number of synergetic reasons: cities contain concentrations of poor populations which are more susceptible to extreme weather events; Mediterranean climate regions are particularly vulnerable to projected …
How does climate affect the environment?
Inland water. Climate change is predicted to lead to major changes in water availability across Europe, due to less predictable rainfall patterns and more intense storms.
What is the main environmental factor for the Mediterranean climate?
Water availability represents a major environmental constraint in the Mediterranean environment. Together with seasonal variations of air temperature and solar radiation, water stress determines the cyclic pattern of vegetative activity typical of the region.
How polluted is the Mediterranean?
The Mediterranean is polluted by an estimated 730 tonnes of plastic waste every day. … Single-use plastics represent more than 60% of the total recorded marine litter on beaches. Concentrations of microplastics at sea surface exceed 64 million floating particles per square kilometer in certain locations.
How does climate affect Mediterranean agriculture?
In certain North African and eastern Mediterranean countries, climate change may result in surface water reductions of more than 35 percent. Rainfed agriculture, which, in certain areas of North Africa represents more than 90 percent of total agricultural land, will be particularly affected.
What factors affect the Mediterranean climate?
The Mediterranean is a region with strongly seasonal climate due to variably dominant high and low pressure systems. This seasonality is inclusive of both temperature as well as precipitation. In addition much of the climate in the region is affected by mountainous terrain.
How does climate change affect human and environment?
The impacts of climate change include warming temperatures, changes in precipitation, increases in the frequency or intensity of some extreme weather events, and rising sea levels. These impacts threaten our health by affecting the food we eat, the water we drink, the air we breathe, and the weather we experience.
What are the 5 effects of climate change?
What are the effects of climate change and global warming?
- rising maximum temperatures.
- rising minimum temperatures.
- rising sea levels.
- higher ocean temperatures.
- an increase in heavy precipitation (heavy rain and hail)
- shrinking glaciers.
- thawing permafrost.