How is biodiversity distributed?

What factors contribute to the distribution of biodiversity?

Important direct drivers affecting biodiversity are habitat change, climate change, invasive species, overexploitation, and pollution (CF4, C3, C4. 3, S7). No single measure or indicator represents the totality of the various drivers.

What are the 4 types of biodiversity?

Four Types of Biodiversity

  • Species Diversity. Every ecosystem contains a unique collection of species, all interacting with each other. …
  • Genetic Diversity. Genetic diversity describes how closely related the members of one species are in a given ecosystem. …
  • Ecosystem Diversity. …
  • Functional Diversity.

How does area affect biodiversity?

Area increases diversity because a larger plot is likely to have more habitats, hence niches, to support a greater variety of species. In addition, many species require a large range for adequate prey or seed forage.

How could we improve the biodiversity of fragmented habitats?

Habitat fragmentation is caused by natural factors and human activities. … Connecting habitats through corridors such as road overpasses and underpasses is one solution to restore fragmented patches, building more climate resilient landscapes, and restoring populations and overall biodiversity.

How will describe the distribution of patterns of the organisms?

Dispersion or distribution patterns show the spatial relationship between members of a population within a habitat. Patterns are often characteristic of a particular species; they depend on local environmental conditions and the species’ growth characteristics (as for plants) or behavior (as for animals).

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Why do species varies in location and distribution?

Both physical (temperature, rainfall) and biotic (predators, competitors) factors may limit the survival and reproduction of a species, and hence its local density and geographic distribution.

How does biodiversity and sustainability work together?

The biodiversity of an ecosystem contributes to the sustainability of that ecosystem. Higher/more biodiversity = more sustainable. Lower/less biodiversity = less sustainable. … The higher biodiversity in an ecosystem means that there is a greater variety of genes and species in that ecosystem.

How does biodiversity help sustain a population in an area?

Biodiversity, n. … Greater biodiversity in ecosystems, species, and individuals leads to greater stability. For example, species with high genetic diversity and many populations that are adapted to a wide variety of conditions are more likely to be able to weather disturbances, disease, and climate change.

Where can biodiversity be found?

Some areas in the world, such as areas of Mexico, South Africa, Brazil, the southwestern United States, and Madagascar, have more biodiversity than others. Areas with extremely high levels of biodiversity are called hotspots.