Question: Which ecosystem in California has the greatest diversity?

Which ecosystems have the highest diversity?

Coral reefs are believed by many to have the highest biodiversity of any ecosystem on the planet—even more than a tropical rainforest. Occupying less than one percent of the ocean floor, coral reefs are home to more than 25% of all marine life. Why is that important?

What ecosystems are in California?

The ecoregions of California can be grouped into four major groups: desert ecoregions (such as the Mojave Desert), Mediterranean ecoregions (such as the Central Valley), forested mountains (such as the Sierra Nevada), and coastal forests.

How high is the ecosystem diversity of California?

California has the highest numbers of native and endemic plant species of any state, with approximately 6,500 species, subspecies, and varieties of plants, representing 32 percent of all vascular plants in the United States (CDFG 2003; University of California, Berkeley 2014).

How many ecosystems are there in California?

There are 13 level III ecoregions and 177 level IV ecoregions in California and most continue into ecologically similar parts of adjacent States of the United States or Mexico (Bryce and others, 2003; Thorson and others, 2003; Griffith and others, 2014).

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Which of the following ecosystem has the greatest biodiversity?

Summary: Amazonia represents the quintessence of biodiversity – the richest ecosystem on earth. Yet a study by Smithsonian scientists, published this week in the journal Science, shows that differences in species composition of tropical forests are greater over distance in Panama than in Amazonia.

Which of the following has the greatest species diversity?

Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.

What ecosystem is in Southern California?

Throughout the world, the Mediterranean ecosystem is characterized by evergreen or drought deciduous shrublands. The chaparral of southern California is echoed in the old world Mediterranean maquis, the Chilean matorral, South African fynbos and the Australian mallee scrub communities.

Is California’s ecosystem highly productive?

California Current – Ecosystem

The California Current Ecosystem (CCE) is a dynamic, diverse environment in the eastern North Pacific Ocean. … This highly productive coastal ecosystem is fueled by the seasonal upwelling of cold, nutrient-rich water.

Does California have high or low ecosystem diversity?

California is a biodiversity hot spot because of its unique geography, climate, geologic history and size. California’s network of terrestrial protected lands covers 46% of the state. More than 30% of California’s species are threatened with extinction.

Which state has the most biodiversity?

The four states with the largest level of biodiversity are California, Hawaii, Alabama, and Texas. California tops the list in both diversity (number of species) and endemism (number of unique species).

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Why is California so botanically diverse?

Botanists have long recognized California as a biodiversity hotspot. … Instead, features of California’s climate, topography, and latitude have preserved these species, allowing us to see them today, when they may have simply gone extinct if they had arisen elsewhere.”