What are the different ecological services of biodiversity?

What are the ecological services of biodiversity?

Many key ecosystem services provided by biodiversity, such as nutrient cycling, carbon sequestration, pest regulation and pollination, sustain agricultural productivity. Promoting the healthy functioning of ecosystems ensures the resilience of agriculture as it intensifies to meet growing demands for food production.

What are the 4 ecological services?

The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA), a major UN-sponsored effort to analyze the impact of human actions on ecosystems and human well-being, identified four major categories of ecosystem services: provisioning, regulating, cultural and supporting services.

What are 5 examples of ecosystem services?

More About Ecosystem Services

  • Provisioning Services or the provision of food, fresh water, fuel, fiber, and other goods;
  • Regulating Services such as climate, water, and disease regulation as well as pollination;
  • Supporting Services such as soil formation and nutrient cycling; and.

What are 4 examples of ecosystem services?

Examples of ecosystem services include products such as food and water, regulation of floods, soil erosion and disease outbreaks, and non-material benefits such as recreational and spiritual benefits in natural areas.

What five ecological services are provided by biodiversity ecosystems?

Biodiversity provides us with drinking water, oxygen to breathe, food, medicine, decomposition of waste, and helps our planet withstand natural disasters.

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What are ecological services and give examples?

Examples of ecological services include purification of air and water, maintenance of biodiversity, decomposition of wastes, soil and vegetation generation and renewal, pollination of crops and natural vegetation, groundwater recharge through wetlands, seed dispersal, greenhouse gas mitigation, and aesthetically …

What are the 7 ecosystem services?

Regulating services

  • Climate regulation. Both the biotic and abiotic ensembles of marine ecosystems play a role in climate regulation. …
  • Waste treatment and disease regulation. …
  • Buffer zones. …
  • Forest products. …
  • Marine products. …
  • Fresh water. …
  • Raw materials. …
  • Biochemical and genetic resources.

Which of the following are ecological services?

Clarification: Ecological services are said to be the products of ecosystem processes. The purified air and water, nutrients cycles, generation of fertile soil, providing habitat, maintaining biodiversity, providing storage sites for various minerals, etc. are the services provided by the healthy forest ecosystems.

What kinds of services do ecological systems provide?

Ecosystems underpin all human life and activities. The goods and services they provide are vital to sustaining well-being, and to future economic and social development. The benefits ecosystems provide include food, water, timber, air purification, soil formation and pollination.

What are the 4 types of biodiversity?

Four Types of Biodiversity

  • Species Diversity. Every ecosystem contains a unique collection of species, all interacting with each other. …
  • Genetic Diversity. Genetic diversity describes how closely related the members of one species are in a given ecosystem. …
  • Ecosystem Diversity. …
  • Functional Diversity.

What are the ecological services of freshwater ecosystem?

Freshwater ecosystems, especially vegetated wetlands, play an important role in mitigation against climate variability. They do so through a number of ecosystem functions including flood control, water purification, shoreline stabilization and sequestration of carbon dioxide.

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