What causes Costa Rica’s biodiversity?

What is the biodiversity in Costa Rica?

Costa Rica accounts for only 0.03 percent of the earth’s surface (has only 51.100km2). However it contains nearly 6 percent of the world’s biodiversity. Its natural wealth, both in species and ecosystems, is partly explained by its geographical position.

Why is Costa Rica known as a biodiversity Mecca?

Although this small country represents only a tiny fraction of the world’s land mass, with a land area of around 51.100 kilometers, it is a biodiversity Mecca. Its geographical position has provided it with numerous and varied micro-climates and a great amount of natural wealth.

What is the biggest environmental problem in Costa Rica?

Deforestation is a major threat to biodiversity and ecosystems in Costa Rica. The country has a rich biodiversity with some 12,000 species of plants, 1,239 species of butterflies, 838 species of birds, 440 species of reptiles and amphibians, and 232 species of mammals, which have been under threat from deforestation.

What is Costa Rica’s environment?

Costa Rica’s climate is defined as tropical with coastal plains, and mountain ranges in the middle of the country with many being volcanic. Roughly 51% of the land is filled with rainforest. While Costa Rica is only roughly . 03% of the land mass on the Earth, it contains 5% of the world’s biodiversity.

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Which ecosystem boasts the greatest species diversity?

Tropical ecosystems cover less than 10 percent of earth’s surface but contain about 90 percent of the world’s known species. The world’s greatest biodiversity is found in the Amazon Rainforest.

What do you know about biodiversity?

Biodiversity is a term used to describe the enormous variety of life on Earth. … Biodiversity refers to every living thing, including plants, bacteria, animals, and humans. Scientists have estimated that there are around 8.7 million species of plants and animals in existence.

What are the major issues in Costa Rica?

Main problems faced by children in Costa Rica:

  • Poverty. One Costa Rican child in four lives below the poverty line. …
  • Health. …
  • Education. …
  • Child labour. …
  • Violence against children. …
  • Child trafficking. …
  • Children of Minorities.

How is global warming affecting Costa Rica?

Climate change could have a major impact on the environment of Costa Rica, upsetting delicate mountain cloud forests, and causing a decrease in plant and animal species in a region famous for its biodiversity. Regional climate models predict that the area will become warmer and drier as climate change accelerates.

What species are being affected by deforestation in Costa Rica?

Felines such as the little spotted cat, Costa Rican cougar and Central American jaguar have been chased from their habitats, and cottontop tamarin, mantled howler and Geoffroy’s spider monkey primates have been greatly diminished. Other threatened mammals include the giant anteater, Sambar deer and Baird’s tapir.