What is ecological biodiversity Why is it important?
Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services. Recreation—many recreational pursuits rely on our unique biodiversity , such as birdwatching, hiking, camping and fishing.
How does ecology affect biodiversity?
These ecological effects of biodiversity in turn are affected by both climate change through enhanced greenhouse gases, aerosols and loss of land cover, and biological diversity, causing a rapid loss of biodiversity and extinctions of species and local populations.
What is ecology and biodiversity with an example?
An example of ecological diversity on a global scale would be the variation in ecosystems, such as deserts, forests, grasslands, wetlands and oceans. Ecological diversity is the largest scale of biodiversity, and within each ecosystem, there is a great deal of both species and genetic diversity.
What is ecosystem diversity?
Ecosystem Diversity can be defined as the variety of different habitats, communities and ecological processes. A biological community is defined by the species that occupy a particular area and the interactions between those species.
What are the 4 types of biodiversity?
Four Types of Biodiversity
- Species Diversity. Every ecosystem contains a unique collection of species, all interacting with each other. …
- Genetic Diversity. Genetic diversity describes how closely related the members of one species are in a given ecosystem. …
- Ecosystem Diversity. …
- Functional Diversity.
What is the best definition of ecology?
1 : a branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their environments. 2 : the totality or pattern of relations between organisms and their environment. 3 : human ecology.
What is ecology and its type?
Ecology is the branch of science that examines the relationships organisms have to each other and to their environment. … Some types are landscape ecology, population ecology, and behavioral ecology. Landscape ecology deals with spatial distribution, patterns, and behaviors across large geographical areas.
What is example of ecology?
Ecology is defined as the branch of science that studies how people or organisms relate to each other and their environment. An example of ecology is studying the food chain in a wetlands area. The scientific study of the relationships between living things and their environments.