Why do rainforests have such high biodiversity?

Why does the rainforest have high biodiversity?

The high species richness or biodiversity found in tropical rain forests is mainly due to their geographic location and the amount of precipitation they receive. Tropical rainforests fall along the equator and receive a large amount of precipitation.

Does the rainforest have high biodiversity?

No one knows exactly how many species live in the world’s tropical rainforests — estimates range from 3 to 50 million species — rainforests are the undisputed champions of biodiversity among the world’s ecosystems, containing far higher numbers of species on a per-area basis relative to sub-tropical, temperate, and …

Why is biodiversity so high in tropical rainforests quizlet?

Biodiversity is high because the warm and wet consistent climate in tropical rainforests is able to sustain life in all different forms. … Temperature and precipitation allow you to determine the quality of the soil in the region, which result in an ability to determine the ability of the region to sustain life.

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Why biodiversity is highest in the tropical area?

The higher temperatures in the tropics cause higher rates of metabolism, ecological dynamics and coevolutionary processes, which generate and maintain higher biodiversity.

What causes high biodiversity?

Ecosystems that host the most biodiversity tend to have ideal environmental conditions for plant growth, like the warm and wet climate of tropical regions. Ecosystems can also contain species too small to see with the naked eye.

What is biodiversity in the rainforest?

Tropical rainforests are the most biologically diverse terrestrial ecosystems in the world. The Amazon rainforest is the world’s largest tropical rainforest. It is home to around 40,000 plant species, nearly 1,300 bird species, 3,000 types of fish, 427 species of mammals, and 2.5 million different insects.

Why do tropical rainforest have high productivity?

In Tropical Rainforests, water, sunlight, and high temperatures are consistent and a dense concentration of plants is present, causing both the GPP and NPP to be very high. So, high levels of productivity increase biomass.

Why is biodiversity so low in tundra and desert biomes?

Tundra Biome

Because of these low temperatures and short growing seasons, net primary productivity is very low in the tundra, between 100–200 g m2 yr1. … Biodiversity in the tundra is low and dominated by mosses, lichens, and low-growing perennial shrubs.

Which type of force is usually a reservoir of biodiversity?

The type of forest that is considered a reservoir for biodiversity is the tropical rainforest.

What is high biodiversity?

High biodiversity is a habitat or ecosystem that has a high number of different species.

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Why is biodiversity higher near the equator?

There might be more biodiversity near the equator because it’s warmer year round, allowing organisms to continue growing. Locations away from the equator will have cold winters that will slow growth for microorganisms, plants and animals.

Why does biodiversity tend to be higher in areas closest to the equator or tropical areas quizlet?

Why are areas near the equator have more species richness? Greater amounts of solar energy, heat, and humidity at tropical latitudes lead to more plant growth, making areas nearer the equator more productive and able to support larger numbers of animals.