How does latitude affect the climate of Africa?
The divergence over the near-equatorial trough leads to air rising and moving away from the equator aloft. As it moves towards the Mid-Latitudes, the air cools and sinks, which leads to subsidence near the 30th parallel of both hemispheres.
Why mid latitude affect South Africa in winter?
This is because mid-latitude cyclones migrate further north during winter, allowing the edge of the cold front arm to sweep across the southern most part of the country. The interior is dry and cold in winter, with subsiding air from strong high pressure systems.
What is the climate zone of South Africa?
South Africa’s climatic conditions generally range from Mediterranean in the southwestern corner of South Africa to temperate in the interior plateau, and subtropical in the northeast. A small area in the northwest has a desert climate. Most of the country has warm, sunny days and cool nights.
How does latitude affect the climate?
Latitude or distance from the equator – Temperatures drop the further an area is from the equator due to the curvature of the earth. … As a result, more energy is lost and temperatures are cooler.
How does latitude affect rainfall?
To simplify, precipitation decreases as latitude increases toward the poles (since how much precipitation air can hold depends largely on its temperature, and depending on the seasons higher latitudes are typically colder).
What are the 5 factors that cause climate change?
The National found out the five main culprits for this increase in greenhouse gases.
- Fossil fuels. Expand Autoplay. …
- Deforestation. …
- Increasing livestock farming. …
- Fertilisers containing nitrogen. …
- Fluorinated gases.
What are the effects of mid-latitude cyclone in South Africa?
The southwestern tip of the country has a Mediterranean climate, with hot dry summers and cool wet winters. This is because mid-latitude cyclones migrate further north during winter, allowing the edge of the cold front arm to sweep across the southern most part of the country.
Which province in South Africa is likely to be affected by the mid-latitude cyclones?
Cape Town – As the tropical cyclone Dineo is nearing South Africa, the province of KwaZulu-Natal and Kruger National Park have activated its disaster management teams saying they will leave nothing to chance.