What are the major environmental impacts of exploration for and development of oil and gas?
Exploring and drilling for oil may disturb land and marine ecosystems. Seismic techniques used to explore for oil under the ocean floor may harm fish and marine mammals. Drilling an oil well on land often requires clearing an area of vegetation.
What is the harmful effect of gasoline?
Many harmful effects of gasoline are due to individual chemicals in gasoline, mainly BTEX, that are present in small amounts. Breathing small amounts of gasoline vapors can lead to nose and throat irritation, headaches, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, confusion and breathing difficulties.
What is an environmental impact of gas development on land?
The construction and land disturbance required for oil and gas drilling can alter land use and harm local ecosystems by causing erosion and fragmenting wildlife habitats and migration patterns.
What are the environmental effects of oil exploration transportation and uses?
transportation amount to over 800 different chemicals, among which, of course, prevail oil and petroleum products. Other environmental impacts include intensification of the greenhouse effect, acid rain, poorer water quality, groundwater contamination, among others.
What are the environmental impact of oil exploration in coastal areas?
The waste water from oil exploration and production activities is usually brine, contaminated with petroleum hydrocarbons and heavy metals. Leaks, spills and discharge of this water in land may contaminate both soil and groundwater.
What are the impacts of gaseous waste on the environment and human health?
The products will affect earth, buildings, water, and air. They consequently result in fog, smog, and global warming, which deteriorate vegetation, forests, and even human health. Human beings may be affected in the form of having asthma and even cancer [4,40].
What are the effects of air pollution on the environment?
Air pollution can damage crops and trees in a variety of ways. Ground-level ozone can lead to reductions in agricultural crop and commercial forest yields, reduced growth and survivability of tree seedlings, and increased plant susceptibility to disease, pests and other environmental stresses (such as harsh weather).