Best answer: How is climate related to the equator?

At the equator, the Sun’s rays are most direct. This is where temperatures are highest. At higher latitudes, the Sun’s rays are less direct. The farther an area is from the equator, the lower its temperature.

What is the relationship between the Equator and climate?

The distance from the equator affects the climate of a place. At the poles, energy from the sun reaches the Earth’s surface at lower angles and passes through a thicker layer of atmosphere than at the equator. This means the climate is cooler further from the Equator.

Why is the climate different at the equator?

Due to the tilt of the Earth, the Equator is closer to the sun so receives more of its energy. The Equator has a smaller surface area so heats up quickly compared to the poles. There is less atmosphere to pass through at the Equator compared to the poles.

What climate is by Equator?

A tropical rainforest climate or equatorial climate is a tropical climate usually found within 10 to 15 degrees latitude of the equator. They experience high mean annual temperatures, small temperature ranges, and rain that falls throughout the year. … A tropical rainforest climate is typically hot, very humid, and wet.

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Why is the equator so hot?

Why is it hotter at the equator than it is at the poles? … Because the sun’s rays hit the earth’s surface at a higher angle at the equator.

Why is the equator not the hottest place on earth?

This is because as the dry air descends from high altitudes, its compression leads to an increase in its temperature. … Therefore, air temperature in the tropics (42 degrees Celsius) is greater than that of the Equator (30 degrees Celsius). This is why tropical regions are hotter than the Equator.

Why does the equator not have seasons?

At the equator there are no seasons because each day the Sun strikes at about the same angle. Every day of the year the equator receives about 12 hours of sunlight. The poles remain cool because they are never tilted in a direct path of sunlight. … The sun never rises!

Is the climate near the equator hot and wet?

Tropical climates are found near the equator. They are warm and humid and experience a lot of rainfall, particularly during their wet season, which can occur once or twice each year. Rain forests grow in tropical climates.

Why equator is hot and wet throughout the year?

Countries, towns and cities located around the equator experience hot weather throughout the year. It is because the sun remains almost directly overhead everyday. … So places with seasons spend some of the year nearer to the sun and some of the year further away from it.

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Which two climates occur on and around the equator?

Tropical wet and dry climates sit just outside the ITCZ, near the Equator. They have three seasons. One season is cool and dry—when the warm, moist ITCZ is in the opposite hemisphere.

How was the equator determined?

The International Meridian Conference of 1884 chose a single line of longitude running through Greenwich, England, as the prime meridian. Earth is a sphere and the equator and the prime meridian divide Earth into four hemispheres: north, south, east, and west.

What is Equator Short answer?

An equator is an imaginary line around the middle of a planet or other celestial body. It is halfway between the North Pole and the South Pole, at 0 degrees latitude. An equator divides the planet into a Northern Hemisphere and a Southern Hemisphere.