Environmental microbiology is the study of those microorganisms which exist in natural or artificial environments. The origin of scientific research in this field rests in the observations of Antony van Leewenhoeck that were published in 1677(4).
Who was one of the founders of environmental microbiology?
Martinus Beijerinck, the founding father of the Delft School of Microbiology, in his laboratory. Beijerinck is often considered as a founder of virology, environmental microbiology, and industrial microbiology.
What is environmental microbiology?
Environmental microbiology is the scientific study of microorganisms in the environment. This discipline includes air microbiology, soil microbiology and water microbiology.
Who founded microbial ecology?
Thus, the German biologist Ernst Haëckel (1866) was the first to propose this word and to use it in that sense. By extension, microbial ecology is the science that studies the interrelationships between microorganisms and their biotic and abiotic environments.
How is environmental microbiology used?
For example, an environmental microbiologist may study the use of microbes to clean up oil spills or other contaminated areas or use organisms that thrive in certain elements to create medicines, topical sunscreens and water purification solutions.
Who is pioneer of microbiology?
Introduction. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek (1632–1723): The First Microbiologist.
Who is known as father of microbiology?
Robert Koch (1843-1910): father of microbiology and Nobel laureate.
Why do we study environmental microbiology?
Because environmental microbes can affect so many aspects of life, and are easily transported between environments, the field of environmental microbiology interfaces with a number of different subspecialties, including soil, aquatic, and aeromicrobiology, as well as bioremediation, water quality, occupational health …
What is Aero microbiology?
Aero microbiology is study of microorganisms in air is called as bio aerosols. They found in air have high opportunity to travel in air with help of wind and precipitation. They are significant because they are capable of causing diseases in human, plants and animals.
What do environmental microbiologist do?
Environmental microbiologists study how microorganisms interact with the environment and each other. They may study the use of microbes to clean up areas contaminated by heavy metals or study how microbes could aid crop growth.
Who is the father of microbial ecology?
Sergei Nikolaievich Winogradsky (1856-1953), the Father of Microbial Ecology.
Who is the mother of microbiology?
Fanny Hesse, acknowledged as the mother of microbiology, whose birthday would have been today, is best known for her work developing agar for cell culture.
Who discovered bacteria?
Two men are credited today with the discovery of microorganisms using primitive microscopes: Robert Hooke who described the fruiting structures of molds in 1665 and Antoni van Leeuwenhoek who is credited with the discovery of bacteria in 1676.