What are the hotspots of biodiversity in India?
It hosts four biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and Sundaland (including the Nicobar Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species. Nearly 5% of India’s total area is formally classified under protected areas.
Is Western Ghats a hotspots of biodiversity India?
The Western Ghats are one of the world’s biodiversity hotspots with over 5,000 flowering plants, 139 mammals, 508 birds and 179 amphibian species. At least 325 globally threatened species occur here. … At 2695m, Mt Anamudi in Kerala, India is the highest peak in the Western Ghats.
How many biodiversity hotspots are there in Kerala?
The Western Ghats region, wherein the state is situated, is one of the 25 biodiversity hotspots in the whole world. The state contains more than 4,500 species of flowering plants of which above 1,500 taxa are endemic in nature.
|% to the Indian Flora||25.71|
How many biodiversity hotspots are there in Assam?
Assam has the distinction of having 2 UNESCO World Heritage sites (Manas and Kaziranga) 2 Biosphere Reserves (Dibru-Saikhowa and Manas) 4 Tiger Reserves (Kaziranga, Manas, Nameri and Rajib Gandhi Orang National Parks) and 5 Elephant Reserves.
Which one is the hotspot of biodiversity?
They are western ghats and Sri Lanka, Indo-Burma, and Eastern Himalayas. Note that even the biodiversity hotspots cover less than two percent of the world’s total land area, by protecting these regions we can decrease the rate of species extinctions by 30%.
What are biodiversity hotspots give one example?
A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with significant levels of biodiversity that is threatened with destruction. For example forests are considered as biodiversity hotspots.
How many hotspots are there in Western Ghats?
A total of thirty-nine areas in the Western Ghats, including national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and reserve forests, were designated as world heritage sites in 2012 – twenty in Kerala, ten in Karnataka, six in Tamil Nadu and four in Maharashtra.
Why Western Ghats are considered as hotspots?
Question : Why Western Ghats are considered as one of the biodiversity hotspots? … Because Western Ghats are the regions with very high level of species richness and high degree of endemism. Hotspots are also regions of accelerated habital loss.
Is one of the biodiversity hotspots in India?
Officially, four out of the 36 Biodiversity Hotspots in the world are present in India: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland. To these may be added the Sundarbans and the Terrai-Duar Savannah grasslands for their unique foliage and animal species.
How many biodiversity hotspots are there?
There are 36 biodiversity hotspots on our planet, and these areas are dazzling, unique, and full of life. Plants, animals, and other living organisms that populate these places are rare and many of them are only found in these specific geographic areas.
Which is the most biodiversity forest in Kerala?
4000 of the 15,000 higher plant species of India occur in the Western Ghats, which is only 5% of the total land area. Of these 1800 are endemic. The evergreen forest area has the richest formation with 3000 species compared to 850 species in the Moist Deciduous forests.
Which is one of the most prevalent hotspot of biodiversity in India?
the Western Ghat is one of the most prevalent hotspot biodiversity of India. Explanation: This is because there is large number of forest in the Western Ghat which supports the growth of white number of creatures.