Overall, Ethiopia is considered largely arid, but exhibits a high variability of precipitation Ethiopia’s climate is generally divided into three zones: 1) the alpine vegetated cool zones (Dega) with areas over 2,600 meters above sea level, where temperatures range from near freezing to 16°C; 2) the temperate Woina …
How many climates are there in Ethiopia?
The climate of Ethiopia and its dependent territories varies greatly. It is temperate on the plateau and hot in the lowlands. The country lies wholly within the tropics, but its nearness to the equator is counterbalanced by the elevation of the land.
What is climate system of Ethiopia?
In Ethiopia, the climate varies mostly with altitude, and it goes from the hot and arid climate of the lowlands to the cool climate of the plateau. Lying just north of the Equator, the country experiences little variation in temperature throughout the year.
What are the 5 climate zones?
There are approximately five main climate types on Earth:
What are the 7 climate zones?
- A – Tropical Climates. Tropical moist climates extend north and south from the equator to about 15° to 25° latitude. …
- B – Dry Climates. …
- C – Moist Subtropical Mid-Latitude Climates. …
- D – Moist Continental Mid-Latitude Climates. …
- E – Polar Climates. …
- H – Highlands.
What are temperate zones?
the part of the earth’s surface lying between the tropic of Cancer and the Arctic Circle in the Northern Hemisphere or between the tropic of Capricorn and the Antarctic Circle in the Southern Hemisphere, and characterized by having a climate that is warm in the summer, cold in the winter, and moderate in the spring and …
What is the climate of Ethiopia and the Horn?
Average annual temperature ranges between 20oc and 30oc. Although mean annual rainfall is erratic, it can be as high as 1500 mm in the wet western lowlands of Gambella. Rainfall is highly variable from year to year. The region is boundary between the hot arid (Bereha) and the humid climates (WoinaDega).
Does Ethiopia have a Mediterranean climate?
Although the hot zone’s average annual daytime temperature is about 27°C, midyear readings in the arid and semiarid areas along the Red Sea coast often soar to 50°C and to more than 40°C in the arid Ogaden. … Their effect on the coastal region, however, is to create a Mediterranean-like climate.
What are the agro ecological zones of Ethiopia?
The traditional zones include Bereha, Kolla, Woina Dega, Dega,Wurch and Kur where many kinds of crops are grown in each of these ecological zones. On the other hand, 33 elaborated agro-ecological zones are recognized by many institutions at present where many kinds of crops are also grown in each zone.
Which geographical factor is more important to the climate of Ethiopia?
Importantly, Ethiopia’s climate varies with elevation (Fig. 3). Elevation is the most important determinant of the average annual temperature of the country with a reduction of 0.5–0.7 °C per 100 m increase in altitude (Liljequist, 1986).
How many climatic zones are there?
In India, (Bansal & Minke, 1988) had carried out detailed studies and reported that India can be divided into six climatic zones, namely, hot and dry, warm and humid, moderate, cold and cloudy, cold and sunny, and composite. The criteria of classification are described in Table 1.
What are the 4 different climate zones?
According to this classification system, four major climatic belts―equatorial, tropical, mid-latitude and arctic (Antarctic), which are dominated by equatorial, tropical, polar and arctic (Antarctic) air masses respectively―are differentiated in the globe.
What are the 3 different climate zones?
According to the three cell convection model of each hemisphere the Earth neatly separates itself into three distinct climate zones; the polar, temperate, and the tropical zones.