How does higher altitude affect climate quizlet?

The altitude affects the climate because the higher the altitude, the cooler and harsher the climate. Also, if the latitude is to 0 degrees, the hotter the temperature and the more humidity in the atmosphere.

How does altitude affect climate?

Altitude or height above sea level – Locations at a higher altitude have colder temperatures. Temperature usually decreases by 1°C for every 100 metres in altitude. 4. … This means that coastal locations tend to be cooler in summer and warmer in winter than places inland at the same latitude and altitude.

How does latitude and altitude affect climate quizlet?

How does latitude affect climate? The lower the latitude, the warmer the temperatures. As latitude increases, temperature decreases. … As altitude increases, temperature decreases.

How does latitude affect climate factors that affect climate quizlet?

How does latitude affect climate? Places with latitudes closer to the Equator have hotter climates. Places with latitudes closer to the Poles have colder climates. This happens because the Sun’s rays hit them more or less directly.

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How does height above sea level affect climate quizlet?

Locations at a higher altitude, point above sea/ground level,have colder temperatures. Temperature usually decreases by 1°C for every 100 metres in altitude. It gets colder because the air becomes thinner and is less able to absorb and retain heat.

How does low altitude affect climate?

As you increase in elevation, there is less air above you thus the pressure decreases. As the pressure decreases, air molecules spread out further (i.e. air expands), and the temperature decreases. … The temperature in the troposphere — the lowest layer of the earth’s atmosphere — generally decreases with altitude.

How does the altitude and the slope of a mountain affect climate?

At higher altitudes, the air is less dense and air molecules are more spread out and less likely to collide. A location in the mountains has lower average temperatures than one at the base of the mountains. … rainshadow effect, which brings warm, dry climate to the leeward side of a mountain range (Figure below).

How does high altitude affect climate patterns in a region?

Answer: Altitude influences air temperature (since temperatures usually decrease with height by about 6.5°C per 1000 meters or 3.6°F per 1000 ft). Higher altitude sites are generally cooler and wetter (experience more precipitation) than nearby lower elevation sites.

How do latitude and altitude affect climate?

Factors affecting climate

  • Latitude or distance from the equator – Temperatures drop the further an area is from the equator due to the curvature of the earth. …
  • Altitude or height above sea level – Locations at a higher altitude have colder temperatures.
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How do mountain ranges affect climate quizlet?

How do mountains affect climate? The higher you are on mountains the more altitude there is and more altitude means that it will be colder. Mountains also receive more rainfall.

What are four factors that affect climate quizlet?

Terms in this set (123)

  • zones of latitude.
  • topography.
  • wind currents.
  • ocean currents.
  • elevation.

What is the main factor that influences the climate of a region quizlet?

The climate of any particular place is influenced by a host of interacting factors. The 7 main factors are latitude, elevation, nearby water, ocean currents, topography, vegetation, and prevailing winds.

How do wind currents affect climate quizlet?

Currents affect climate by moving cold and warm water around the globe. … A surface current warms or cools the air above it, influencing the climate of the land near the coast.