Agricultural biodiversity also performs ecosystem services such as soil and water conservation, maintenance of soil fertility, conservation of biota and pollination of plants, all of which are essential for food production and for human survival. … Biodiversity, food and nutrition interact on a number of key issues.
How can agriculture improve biodiversity?
Crop diversity, crop rotations, intercropping, cover cropping, conservation tillage and incorporation of organic matter are all important components of farm biodiversity. Diverse crop rotations improve soil, increase farm biodiversity and boost crop yields.
How does agriculture affect biodiversity?
Agriculture contributes to climate change and is affected by it. … At the same time the continuing loss of biodiversity through over-exploitation of forests and degradation of ecosystems through widescale monoculture farming limits ecosystems’ ability to provide essential carbon capture.
How does agriculture biodiversity benefit the ecosystem?
In cultivated areas, most biodiversity is in the soil. The farm benefits when the soil’s natural productivity is managed sustainably. … These areas are rich in biodiversity and are great sources of beneficial insects such as pollinators, predators and parasites of crop pests.
Why do farmers ensure plant diversity in agriculture?
Genetic diversity of crops can be used to help protect the environment. Crop varieties that are resistant to pests and diseases can reduce the need for application of harmful pesticides.
Why is diversity in agriculture important?
Crop diversity is fundamental to agricultural growth. … They can produce varieties that resist pests and diseases and are drought tolerant, providing more protection against crop failure and better insulating poor farmers from risk.
What are the benefits of biodiversity?
A healthy biodiversity offers many natural services
- Protection of water resources.
- Soils formation and protection.
- Nutrient storage and recycling.
- Pollution breakdown and absorption.
- Contribution to climate stability.
- Maintenance of ecosystems.
- Recovery from unpredictable events.
What are the main benefits of agriculture?
Agriculture possesses the power to harm or heal. When farmers prioritize biodiversity on their land, it benefits the earth. Having more biodiversity results in healthier soil, less erosion, better water conservation, and healthier pollinators.