What environmental factors are harmful to the development of the unborn child?

Environmental factors which have been implicated in adverse pregnancy outcome include smoking, video display terminals, anesthetic gases, antineoplastic drugs and exposure to lead, selenium and inorganic mercury.

What are 3 environmental factors that affect prenatal development?

Other teratogens that affect prenatal development include radiation, pollution, and infectious disease. Radiation increases the risk of childhood cancer, as well as emotional and behavioral disorders; because of this, it is recommended that pregnant women avoid x-rays unless absolutely necessary.

What are some environmental factors that could cause birth defects?

Another environmental factor that can cause birth defects is uterine constraint.

Fetal alcohol syndrome is a term used to describe the typical birth defects caused by the mother’s alcohol use:

  • Learning disabilities.
  • Developmental delay.
  • Irritability.
  • Hyperactivity.
  • Poor coordination.
  • Abnormalities of facial features.

How does the environment affect the baby’s development?

A child’s early home environment has long-term effects on development. The home environment can even affect a child’s brain development. … For example, children who grow up poor are more likely than other children to drop out of high school. Poverty, then, is a risk factor for high school dropout.

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What are some factors that can harm fetuses?

Factors like age and overall health status can increase your chances of experiencing complications during pregnancy.

  • Reproductive abnormalities. …
  • Women under age 20. …
  • Women over age 35. …
  • Weight. …
  • Diabetes. …
  • Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) …
  • Preexisting medical conditions. …
  • Multiple pregnancies.

What are four environmental hazards that can affect a fetus?

These chemicals include commonly known hazards such as lead, mercury, and environmental tobacco smoke, as well as some pesticides, solvents, products containing chlorine, and other chemicals referred to as “persistent organic pollutants.” The fetus is particularly vulnerable to environmental chemicals that can disrupt …

What are some environmental factors that influence development?

Over the past 100 years, the study of environmental influences on human physical growth and development has focused on the influences of social and economic factors; family and household characteristics; urbanization/modernization; nutrition; and features of the physical environment such as altitude, temperature and …

What are the 4 main causes of birth defects?

What causes birth defects?

  • Genetic problems. One or more genes might have a change or mutation that results in them not working properly, such as in Fragile X syndrome. …
  • Chromosomal problems. …
  • Infections. …
  • Exposure to medications, chemicals, or other agents during pregnancy.

What are the 4 environmental factors?

Environmental factors include temperature, food, pollutants, population density, sound, light, and parasites.

What are the environmental factors that have a detrimental impact on brain development?

Based on the available data, these environmental factors can be classified into three arbitrary groups: (i) factors and maternal status with a demonstrated deleterious effect on the foetal brain (i.e. ethanol, cocaine, some drugs including anticonvulsants, some viral infections, maternal diabetes, untreated maternal …

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How does physical environment affect child development?

Children often adapt to exposure to chronic noise by tuning out auditory input, which can also result in delayed language development. Overcrowding is another factor that can result in biological and cognitive delays for children.