An inefficient municipal solid waste management system may create serious negative environmental impacts like infectious diseases, land and water pollution, obstruction of drains and loss of biodiversity.
What are the effects of solid waste?
Solid waste pollution is caused mainly through urbanization and through industrial waste. It causes various diseases in human as bacillary dysentery, diarrhea and amoebic dysentery, plague, salmonellosis, trichinosis, endemic typhus, cholera, jaundice, hepatitis, gastro enteric diseases etc.
How does poor waste management affect the environment?
“Poorly managed waste is contaminating the world’s oceans, clogging drains and causing flooding, transmitting diseases, increasing respiratory problems from burning, harming animals that consume waste unknowingly, and affecting economic development, such as through tourism,” said Sameh Wahba, World Bank Director for …
What are the effects of poor solid waste management in Zambia?
Solid Waste Management (SWM) is one of the major public health concerns worldwide. The problem is more pronounced in Less Developed Countries (LDCs) of which Zambia is one of them. Poor management of waste not only leads to declining environ- mental health conditions but contributes to disease outbreaks as well.
What are the causes and effects of solid waste management?
Solid Waste Management. Causes of Water Pollution. Air Pollution & Its Control.
Major Causes of Solid Waste Pollution
- Commercial establishments.
- Residential houses.
- Debris from construction and demolition.
- Debris from roads (such as asphalt and scrap metal)
- Scrap from vehicles.
What is poor solid waste management?
Poor waste management – ranging from non-existing collection systems to ineffective disposal -causes air pollution, water and soil contamination. Open and unsanitary landfills contribute to contamination of drinking water and can cause infection and transmit diseases.
What is the good effect of solid waste management?
The beneficial use of solid waste saves landfill capacity for materials that do not have alternative uses and reduces the amount of raw materials used in construction and other industries.
How does solid waste affect the human health and environment?
Direct handling of solid waste can result in various types of infectious and chronic diseases with the waste workers and the rag pickers being the most vulnerable. … Uncollected solid waste can also obstruct storm water runoff, resulting in the forming of stagnant water bodies that become the breeding ground of disease.
Why Solid waste management is a problem?
Disposal of municipal solid waste. … Lack of MSW management and disposal is leading to significant environmental problems. This includes soil, air water, and aesthetic pollution. Such environmental problems are associated with human health disorder, due to the increase in greenhouse gas emissions .
What are the problems of solid waste management in India?
According to Dr Kumar, the major problems affecting solid waste management are unscientific treatment, improper collection of waste, and ethical problems. This in turn leads to hazards like environmental degradation, water pollution, soil pollution, and air pollution.