India is one of the megadiverse countries in the world with 45,000 species of plants and twice as many of the animals have been recorded in India. India has only 2.4% of the world’s land area but the species diversity in India is 8.1 percent which makes India one of twelve megadiversity countries of the world.
How is India one of the 12 mega biodiversity of the world?
India is the 12 mega biodiversity countries of the world. … There are about 15,000 flowering plants in India which account for 6 per cent of the world’s total number of flowering plants. India also has 89,000 species of animals and a rich variety of fish in its fresh and marine waters.
Why India is one among the 12 mega diversity countries of the world?
Reason : India has only 2.4 per cent of world’s land area, but its share of the global species diversity is an impressive 8.1 percent. … India share of the global species diversity is an impressive 8.1%. That is what makes our country one of the 12 mega diversity countries of the world.
What are the 12 mega biodiversity?
Aside from the WCMC, in 2002 a total of 12 of the main developing countries considered mega-diverse gathered in Mexico: Brazil, China, Costa Rica, Colombia, Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Mexico, Peru, South Africa and Venezuela.
Is India a mega diversity country?
India is one of the recognized mega-diverse countries of the world, harbouring nearly 7-8% of the recorded species of the world, and representing 4 of the 34 globally identified biodiversity hotspots (Himalaya, Indo-Burma, Western Ghats and Sri Lanka, Sundaland).
Why India is considered as one of the richest biodiversity in the world?
Note: India has the richest biodiversity and its 23.39%. The area is covered with forest and trees. It hosts more than 2,00,000 species that are confined to a particular region. India has four hotspots and each of them hosts more than a hundred endangered species.
What are mega biodiversity countries?
The identified Megadiverse Countries are: United States of America, Mexico, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela, Brazil, Democratic Republic of Congo, South Africa, Madagascar, India, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, Papua New Guinea, China, and Australia.
Is one of the biodiversity hotspots in India?
Officially, four out of the 36 Biodiversity Hotspots in the world are present in India: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland. To these may be added the Sundarbans and the Terrai-Duar Savannah grasslands for their unique foliage and animal species.
How many mega diversity countries are there in the world Ncert?
India, with about 45,000 species of plants and twice as many species of animals, is one of the 12 mega diversity countries of the world.
How many mega diversity countries are there in the world Toppr?
India is among 12 megadiversity countries of world, due its percentage contribution in global species diversity, that is: –
What place does India hold in the world in plant diversity?
India ranks fourth in Asia and tenth in the world in plant diversity, the Birsa Agricultural University (BAU) Vice Chancellor, N N Singh, has said.
What is the world’s most biodiverse country?
Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.
Which country has the most biodiversity in the world?
Brazil is considered THE most biodiverse country on the planet – where one-tenth of the world’s overall species call home.